Changing The Game. EU Legislation Adjustments That Speed Up UK Economic Growth

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To eliminate the legal barriers in intellectual property legal framework, and thus speed up the emergence and application innovations and growth of GDP, the branch of the University of Manchester, UMIP, focused on intellectual property management has proposed a several possible solutions, narrowed to EU legislation adjustment.

Changing the rules of the European Union takes a long time. Prior to that, some of the limitations of the exclusive rights may be introduced at the level of the UK.

A permit for full text search in databases (text mining), and in respect of protected works, with the non-commercial research (the concept of «Fair Dealing», established by Directive 2001/29/ EU is not applicable here; restrictions should also apply to commercial research, but this is the level of the European Union).

Allowing free copying (private copying) for personal purposes. EU legislation allows such copying but subjects to payment of compensation, and such compensation is now included in the cost of the devices, making copies, and it appears that the levying of such compensation to the consumer unreasonably so far as to copying is a part of normal use of plenty of devices (e.g., in the case of recording devices acquired online movies and music), and there is no evidence that such copying causing any harm to holders.

Allow a free format conversion (format shifting) of lawfully acquired content (for example, when recording music from a CD to your hard drive for further listening on multiple devices). Now in the UK you need to notify customers that changing the format entails a breach of copyright. It seems clear that rights holders have long known about these user actions (as well as a copy for personal use), so the amount of remuneration for the use of works, apparently, have already been established with regard to such actions that mean a loss of rights holders to conduct it unwise; therefore, users should be able to convert and burn the content on a variety of devices for themselves and their families freely.

Free study of all kinds of works in any media for the purpose of non-commercial research should also be ensured.

Free archive libraries any works, including orphan and protected (including audio-visual materials and audio), as well as the digitisation of such works (like a digital archive has enormous economic, social and cultural value);

The freedom to establish parodies and pastiches (in modern mass communications network parody plays an important role, allowing many people to show their creativity and attitude to particular events) should be also enabled.

In practice, situations occur where the limitations of the exclusive rights is provided by law, directly or indirectly canceled the terms of agreements concluded with the users of the rights holders. In this regard, the legislation should clearly state that its provisions can not be modified by contract.

The complex of measures should give a positive impact on both development of industries and human interaction with intellectual property products.

The link building insights – making it through to the top

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Taking into account the words of Google powers that be, link building can easily be referred to grey hat methods. Of course, we don’t mean natural links that largely make SERP functioning predictably (or to the extent that we’ve got used to). So where is the edge? How to balance between SERP acceptable techniques and cost-efficiency? HTP Digital, a prosperous digital marketing agency Manchester that helps stay its customers competitive in extremely tough niches, shares a bunch of tactics you may want to take advantage of.

Backlinks still matter…

If links were gone, it would lead to chaos. However, optimisers have become wary of promoting links, while rookies oftentimes do not even know how to do kick off a link building campaign, fearing the bad link can receive sanctions and damage the reputation. After creating the site and before spinning links, you must understand how links affect your domain authority, plus you should understand the diversity of links type.

For example, some backlinks can stay under the control of the website owner. Some backlinks are spread through forums and blogs, and if the optimiser creates anchors for them, the risk of getting the sanction naturally grows (artificially set anchors may also increase suspicion). Some SEOs leave a link in the signature in the guest posts, although this method ceased to be an effective way to increase the weight of the resource. Once promising, now it poses the risk of spam classification.

Link building: what Google is sick of

Backlinks distributed in the network virtually unchecked, can also lead to sanctions. Such links can be placed in the biographical material in the history,about and similar info sections. Stuffing footer with unnatural links is something that Google is particularly rageful about. Not only these links have long attracted the attention of the search engine, Google even warned against placing such reference elements.

For long time publishing ‘dofollow’ links in the forum and website profiles was considered to be a juicy method. Optimisers went even further and automated the process with the custom software; some of the popular apps are available for sale. However, Google is constantly changing and the method is not only no longer relevant, but dangerous for your website health. HTP digital marketing manchester has been studying the topic and found out that in 84% of cases such method gave no effect, while in 17% of which a penalty was issued.

To conclude, shall we abandon the links? There are SEOs who panic and refuse to take advantage of the method, which is certainly a doubtful decision. Yes, search engines may react negatively to link building. But it doesn’t necessarily indicates that the method is bad – it’s a matter of right approaches. Google focuses on the users, and you should do so also. In order to get quality backlinks and natural, it is necessary to distribute content: the more organic the process is, the more Google likes your domain. After all, it all goes to the state of affairs where white hat methods play the decisive role.

Next Gen Roof Coating In Action, Polyshield

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Polyshield is a modern, high-performance, sprayed, two component pure polyurea elastomer. The material is based on various amino-polyester resins, amino-resin and MDI prepolymers, providing a flexible, durable and monolithic waterproofing membrane boasting truly efficient resistance to water and chemical activity.

Polyshield is characterised by high abrasion resistance, that’s why it is added into the armory of protective materials as waterproofing and corrosion-resistant coating in heavy and mining industries to prevent abrasive wear.

Polyurea-based Polyshield features

  • 100% solvent-free material
  • Unlike other materials, polyshield offers hydrophobic properties; therefore, it reacts poorly with wet or cold surfaces it is applied to.
  • Larger gel time allows deeper penetration and impregnation.
  • Extreme temperatures resistance (121°C+) with an ability to sustain short 150°C loads.
  • High abrasion resistance
  • Higher strength in comparison with the majority of analogs
  • Class 1 Flammability, National Fire Protection Association USA (NFPA) compliant

Spheres of application

The material has been successfully applied in numerous types of residential and commercial facilities; Polyshield is primarily used for:

  • Protection of steel from abrasion
  • Waterproofing (swimming pools, roofwaterproofing, sewage tanks, dams , tunnels, barges and etc.)
  • Replacing or repairing sheet membrane coatings
  • Waterproofing and corrosion protection of steel tanks, silos and pipelines
  • Protective elastomer for polystyrene
  • Protective coating for asbestos cement sheets , lead paint and a range of hazardous materials
  • Protective coating for truck bodies, cars, dump cars; roofcoating.

Britannia Paints Company, a nationwide recognised UK manufacturer, even provides roof coating and roof waterproofing materials for defensive industry, which confirms the fact of unsurpassed reliability of polyshield-based products.   Continue reading “Next Gen Roof Coating In Action, Polyshield” »

Understanding The Power Of Ultrasound Cleaning

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Ultrasonic cleaning efficiency depends on the parameters of the sound field (vibration frequency and sound intensity) as well as physico-chemical properties of the liquid detergent. Selecting the sound field parameters and the washing liquid properly can grant the required cleaning efficiency. Much depends on the quality of the equipment itself: if you are looking for high quality ultrasonic cleaner offering decent functionality, drop in at – a reliable UK manufacturer, boasting an impressive line-up of powerful ultrasonic cleaners at affordable prices.

In the cleaning process the surface tension of the washing liquid also matters, degrading wetting process parts to be cleaned and preventing the penetration of the detergent solution into the gaps. To reduce the surface tension of the washing liquid additives surfactants are used which improve the wettability and the surface, creating a subtle adsorption layers on the particle surface contamination and promoting their detachment easier.

Introduction of ultrasonic vibrations is carried out through the plates, which have a good acoustic contact with the transducer. The geometrical dimensions of the plates are determined on the basis of the conditions for obtaining the required intensity of the ultrasonic vibrations, while the optimum value is selected depending on the nature and type of contamination of parts.

Decontamination, degreasing and cleaning in the focus

The main types of contaminants that are removed in the process of ultrasonic cleaning can be grouped into four categories:

  1. Solid and liquid films – different oils, greases, pastes, etc.;
  2. Solid precipitation – metal and abrasive particles, dust, deposits, water-insoluble inorganic compound (scum, flux), and soluble or partially soluble organic compound (salt, sugar, starch, protein, etc.);
  3. Сorrosion products – rust, scale, etc.
  4. Preservatives, preservative and protective coatings – enamels, resins, etc.

Continue reading “Understanding The Power Of Ultrasound Cleaning” »

Wind Energy: Noise Aspect Overview

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According to Global Wind Energy Council estimates the world wind power development will contribute to a reduction of annual CO2 emissions by 1.5 billion tons by the year of 2050.

Wind power plants produce two kinds of noise:

  • mechanical noise – noise of mechanical and electrical components (for modern wind turbines this aspect is virtually negligible, though it is significant as for older models of wind turbines)
  • aerodynamic noise – the noise from the interaction of wind flow with the unit (amplified by the wind pressure on the blades)

Currently, in determining the level of noise from wind turbines use only the calculation method. The method of direct measurements of the noise level does not provide information about wind turbine noise, since the effective separation of wind turbine noise from wind noise at the moment is not possible.

Noise sources comparison

  • The pain threshold of human hearing – 120db
  • The noise of a jet engine turbine at a distance of 250 m – 105db
  • The noise from a jackhammer to 7m – 95db
  • The noise from the truck at a speed of 48 km/h at a distance of 100 m – 65db
  • Background noise in the office – 60db
  • The noise from the passenger car at a speed of 64 km/h – 55db
  • Noise from a wind turbine at a 350 meters distance – 35-45db
  • Background noise during the night in the village – 20-40db

In the vicinity of the wind turbine at the axis of the propeller the noise is sufficiently increasing and wind turbines may exceed 100 dB. An example of such a wind turbine design miscalculations was Grovian Turbine. Due to the high noise level setting it worked for about 100 hours and was dismantled.

The laws passed in the UK, Germany, the Netherlands and Denmark, limit the noise level of operating wind power plant up to 45 dB in the daytime and 35 dB at night. The minimum distance from the installation to residential buildings is 300m. In addition, the business owners are forced to initiate regular check-ups to ensure proper functioning. Typically, the 3rd party companies are involved in the activity; in the UK, perhaps, the largest provider is Granada Material Handling, the company offering wind turbine services as well as wind turbine inspections at moderate pricing to keep operational expenses at an acceptable level.

Continue reading “Wind Energy: Noise Aspect Overview” »

Horizontal Wells & Their Profiles

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In aspiration to educate its customers, European Geophysical Services has launched a narrow-targeted media campaign aimed at increasing the level of understanding of borehole drilling processes. Being an expert in geophysics, UK-based company has already implemented over 150 borehole drilling projects, which is eventually one of the main company’s specializations.

The basics of horizontal wells

Horizontal well type implies having a stem portion angled to 90° vertically, although other wells drilled at a sharper angle may also fall under this definition. Depending on the horizontal trajectory of the wellbore and drilling technology adopted, horizontal wells are arbitrarily divided into four groups.

Wells with a large radius of curvature of the set are drilled using conventional equipment for directional wells. They are characterized by a set tempo curvature of 1-2˚/10 m and horizontal trunks length of 1500m and more. These wells can be deep enough and have a trunk diameter of up to 444.49 mm.

Horizontal wells are drilled with an average radius of curvature of special downhole motors with bent sub and stabilizers. The pace for the curvature of these wells is set at 3 – 7710 m, the radius of curvature equals 45-300m, while the of diameter horizontal borehole is 311.2 mm.

Horizontal wells are drilled in small radius of curvature with special drilling systems of two types. In mechanical rotary systems composite curving drilling direction with an inner drive shaft to the bit is used. Horizontal wells of small radius of curvature are characterized by a set rate of curvature of 30-100° to 10 m; 90° tilt is gained within 6-12 m range. Horizontal wells of this type are limited by the diameter of the wells drilled by 114,3-165,1 mm diameter bit; the usual length of horizontal section is 180-300 m.

Ultrashort horizontal wells are designed for the development of heavy oil and tar sands technology sidetracking. The technology is based on the use of jetting a downhole drilling head lifting system placed in the reservoir against the expanded area of the vertical well. With such a system of vertical shaft can be quickly spudded several radial horizontal holes with a diameter of 100 mm and a length of 30-60 m. Continue reading “Horizontal Wells & Their Profiles” »

Stainless Steel Flanges – The Characteristic Features

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Steel flanges represent connecting elements of flat, ring or disk form with a number of holes required for the fixture. Steel flanges are mounted using bolts and studs that can tightly connect the piping and pipe fittings. Such equipment can withstand almost any pressure, but the flanges for pipes should be regularly pull in order to avoid reducing leakage.

Stainless flanges help connect a number of pieces of pipes without worrying about the possible occurrence of leaks in bond areas. Steel flanges require regular monitoring, which allows maintaining the efficiency of the pipeline system at a decent and secure level. In this case one can be fully confident that the tightness at the level of the network will be preserved and the flange will perform its function properly.

Manufacture of flanges: basic classification

Nowadays it is customary to use the popular classification of flanges that implies dividing them into the flat, threaded and сollar. Flat steel flanges can be attached to the back surface of the pipes. That is why some of the flanges have a larger inner diameter than the outer diameter of the pipe. By choosing this kind of connecting equipment, an engineer should take into account not only the values ​​of nominal pressure, but also the resistance to operating temperature and the transport medium.

Neck flanges are mainly designed to be welded to the butt joint of the pipe. Thus, the magnitude of the inner diameter of the connecting equipment remains completely identical to the diameter of the pipe. With the ability to provide high levels of integrity and reliability in the joint, stainless steel flange is commonly used in modern communications systems (in turn, threaded flanges are typically not used in laying piping).

Steel flanges – the specifics of operation

The average lifespan of flanges manufactured under a complete set of pipelines depends on the quality of their production. Thus, making a choice in favor of a decent vendor is essential to guarantee long years of trouble-free operation. By cooperating with AlexanderComley production facilities, servicing a good number of industries and producing a wide array of flanges and tube plates, you can be sure that the piping system equipped with sturdy stainless steel flanges will effectively serve you faithfully without costly maintenance for years to come. From custom options to standard API/ANSI solutions, there is a rich variety of products to choose from, just drop in at the website’s gallery to have a look.

Flanges for pipes are primarily designed for operation in temperatures ranging from -253°C to +600° C, while steel flanges withstand temperatures from -70 ° C to 450°C.

AlexanderComely experts confirm the fact that steel butt weld fittings uk have a considerable advantage: they are relatively easy to install, that’s why they are massively used when performing repairs. In addition, stainless flanges can be used in hard to reach areas of pipeline systems, especially the ones servicing toxic or flammable materials. It is also important to note that planar flanges may be used at a pressure not exceeding 25 kgf/cm², while the neck flanges steel can withstand a pressure of 200 kgf/cm².

Coffee Time: Support The Cancer Patients

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cover-300x225Forster Dean Solicitors, a law firm finding itself on the crest of a wave with and covering the North West and the Midlands, participate in the ‘World’s Biggest Coffee Morning’ to drive revenue for charity purposes. The main aim of the series of events is to attract funds in support of Macmillan Cancer fundraising.

Forster Dean’s main sphere of specialisation is accident claims and personal injuries, though the company is grinding away to give more value than legal assistance to particular people as well as the whole community. Impressed by the passion of Macmillan enthusiasts, lending a helping hand to those who need it most, Forster Dean has joined the ranks of contributors to support the good purpose.

In aspiration to make the world a better place, the company is hoping the efforts will help in saving the lives of the people. Thus, the company will host a series of Coffee Mornings in the majority of its offices throughout the entire regions of coverage. The organization of events will supposedly not only boost gathering funds, but will also create awareness. Continue reading “Coffee Time: Support The Cancer Patients” »

Graphene The Incredible

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Graphene boasts a truly magnificent and unique feature: its speed electrical conductivity is comparable to the speed of light. The electrical conductivity of the materials is provided by the mobility of electrons in atoms. For example, in metals a certain amount of electrons is located in a so-called zone of conductivity, which allows them to move freely between the atoms. Semiconductors in their turn have a so-called band gap, through which the electrons need to jump over so the material becomes electrically conducting. To achieve this, more energy, such as heat, is used.

So, although grapheme it is not a metal, it features no no gap, so that the electrons are free to move, which poses a serious problem: a graphene transistor can not be turned off completely, which means that the device containing such a transistor, will keep on permanently consuming electricity. However, there is an upside to this. Due to the fact that the mass of the electron graphene hardly affects the electric fields of other charged particles, it is capable of moving at a fantastic speed. So fast that its speed can only be described by Einstein’s theory of relativity, and the grapheme himself can be compared with particles accelerator. Such a mind-boggling speed of movement of electrons allows them reacting sensitively to high frequency electromagnetic fields, which in this case means that a graphene transistor is switched on and off very quickly.

The revolution looming on the horizon

Why do scientists still tinkering with this wayward material? Actually, the opportunities of graphene are truly endless; some even say that grapheme is the material of the future.Unless scientists can create a graphene bandgap, mankind will step to the next level of scientific and technical progress. Thus graphene can be utilised for production of any components, even entire power chains with mind-blowing conductivity.

A group of experts from IBM Research Center have come close to creating a transistor that can be switched one hundred billion times per second. Unfortunately, such a transistor is not yet possible to completely turn off. Maybe it will not be a hindrance to use in some mobile phones or radars. But certainly, it is not suitable for the production of computer equipment.

However, scientists are working tirelessly. Specialists from the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, USA, in collaboration with, perhaps, one of the most famous graphene companies 2-DTech, found experimentally that if you put a double layer of graphene is in an electric field, then there is the same band gap, and its size can be adjusted by changing the strength of the field. And Professor Robert Haddon of the University of California proposed to apply to the carbon strips chemical elements affecting the electrical conductivity of graphene.

Graphene provides great prospects in the production of light-sensitive elements for fiber-optic networks. It can be an excellent detector of harmful gases and toxic substances. Recently, the first prototype of mobile phone with a screen of the graphene layer, stitched with metal fibers, has been released. This screen will not break and will not crack even if the phone is dropped. The commercial enterprises, 2-DTECH for example, believes that graphene uses are unlimited.

The Causes Of Denture Cracks & Fractures

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Any type of denture, removable or permanent prosthesis is subjected to constant physical and extreme thermal loads: therefore, cracks, scratches and fractures are not rare. Repairing of dental prostheses is quite a demanded business – a skilled specialist will hardly be lacking requests. If you are looking for a proven and reliable denture repair Manchester agency, Qdentix may be the right place.

Even when installing the denture a question of repairing may arise. This procedure can be both a walk in the park mission, performed in the presence of the patient, as well as a time consuming piece of work (up to several days or weeks); in either event, the problems are resolved in nine cases out of ten.

When dental prostheses repair is required

Even though a denture is designed for a particular person to fit perfectly, it can still break down and get subjected to abrasions, cuts, and etc. Repair of dental prostheses is a procedure that is typically a task that is needed to be implemented urgently, while the reasons are as follows:

  • physical damage
  • peeling or disconnection of some parts
  • discomfort when wearing appeared with time
  • significant changes in denture color

Denture repairing is better to be requested from the agency produced them, but getting in touch with professional repairers is also a wise decision. As a rule, the expert assesses the damage within minutes, makes a diagnosis and announces the price (if the repairing is possible). From a financial point of reference, repairing even a badly damage denture is cheaper than purchasing a very basic new prosthesis; the cost of repairing depends on the complexity of the work and the type of failure.

The causes of prosthesis failure

Dentures are more likely to break in case of careless handling; another widespread reason for a failure is a wrong distribution of load. If during the manufacture some element is crafted with a defect, the prosthesis may wear out very quickly. On average, a nicely-crafted denture can be used for 5 to 10 years, but the installation may significantly cut this period. Dentures repair sometimes just because they served their time. They simply return to the state in which they can be operated again. Sometimes the repair of dental prostheses is necessary because in the manufacture were admitted some shortcomings. Often prosthesis made ​​of several layers of material, and it is impossible to see that there are some inaccuracies, but during use they appear.

The prosthesis can be loosely attached to the surface (tooth or gums), which is also a common cause of a failure. This can be eliminated by fixing creams and gels, though it is better to consult a doctor. Improper care can also cause breakage. To prolong the lifespan the dentures are needed to be washed after wearing and stored under recommended conditions. You will need a special brush and paste for cleaning and rinsing the prosthesis (using conventional materials decreases the lifetime as well).